Anemia: Treatment, Diet, Diagnosis and Prevention

Anemia is a medical condition that occurs when red blood cells fail to carry enough oxygen to the tissues to support normal functioning. Anemia can become a serious problem if it remains undiagnosed and untreated.

Anemia: Treatment, Diet, Diagnosis and Prevention

This is particularly true for patients who suffer from anemia as a result of disease processes or treatments for chronic diseases like cancer, kidney disease, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, for some patients undergoing surgery, and for patients with inherited anemias such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia.

Anemia symptoms - such as fatigue, weakness, drowsiness, breathlessness and impaired mental function - can have a considerable adverse impact on the quality of life and health outcomes for many chronic sufferers. Because there are no standardized diagnosis and treatment protocols for anemia many patients go untreated.

Anemia Diet

The Anemia diet should emphasize raw fruits and vegetables that are rich in iron that will also provide the body with other essential vitamins and minerals.

anemia diet plan

Diet Chart for Anemic Patient :

The first 5 days of a special diet for anemic patients should be devoted exclusively to fresh fruits.

During this time, all three meals should consist of fresh fruits taken at five-hourly intervals. Thereafter, a diet of fresh fruits and milk should be followed for the following fifteen days.

The only difference during this time is the addition of milk to each meal of fruit, starting with 2 pints of milk every day and moving up to four or five pints every day in ½ pint increments.

Thereafter, a well-balanced diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, seeds, and nuts can be followed.

Fruits that should form part of an anemia patient diet include :

  • Bananas
  • Apples
  • Pears
  • Dark grapes
  • Apricots

Vegetables (Anemia food):

  • Spinach
  • Green onions
  • Squash
  • Carrots
  • Beetroots
Other foods that are rich in iron include :
  • Whole Wheat
  • Brown rice
  • Soybeans
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Beans

Drug Instructions :

Do not consume iron supplements along with calcium supplements and antibiotics. It can be consumed along with multivitamins.

Such as Vitamin B, C. It is good to consume iron tablets with fruit juices Such as orange juice, etc for better absorption.

Foods to Avoid :

Foods that should be avoided by those with anemia are those that interfere with the absorption of iron or cause iron depletion.

Anemia Treatment

Treating anemia entails treating the condition of low hemoglobin and red blood cells in blood as well as detecting and treating the disease process that has led to the anemia.

Unless the underlying cause of anemia, which may be continuous blood loss, hemolytic anemia, iron deficiency or increased demand states like pregnancy, are assessed and managed, the treatment remains incomplete.

anemia treatment

After the symptoms of anemia are showing that the patient has the disease and the diagnosis proved this, the anemia should be treated. The basic purpose of anemia treatment is the increase of the blood's ability to transport oxygen to the cells and organs of the body.

For this purpose, it is needed to increase the number of erythrocytes and the level of the hemoglobin. The simple treatment of anemia, will not treat the cause of anemia, so the doctors should care about this too.

The anemia is a serious disease, which usually has different complications, forms, and purposes, so the treatment should be considered with these facts.

Anemia treatment depends on the cause

• Iron deficiency anemia: Treatment for this type of anemia typically involves taking iron supplements and making changes to your diet. This may involve surgery.

• Vitamin deficiency anemia: If your digestive system has trouble absorbing vitamin B-12 from the food you eat, you may need vitamin B-12 shots.

At first, you may receive the shots every other day. Eventually, you will need shots just once a month, which may continue for life, depending on your situation.

Usually, the anemia treatment includes nutrition supplements, diet, medical procedures and in the heaviest forms of the diseases even blood transfusion or surgery.

As some of the anemia types are caused by a lack of vitamins or iron substances in the body, nutrition is an easy way to compensate for this. The most commonly is taken from vitamin B12 and folic acid. Sometimes is prescribed also vitamin C, which increases the iron absorption in the digestive system.

In the hardest forms of anemia, the medical procedures include blood transfusion transplantation of bone marrow or stem cell and surgical operations.

Recently I had an interview with a certified pharmacist. He said, only a doctor or pharmacist can decide whether a patient is suffering from anemia. However, Holmes has given us a few symptoms.

As anemia treatment is involved mostly with blood tests and iron treatments, it should be done definitely under the supervision of a physician. Intake of liquid iron medications or iron tablets will be the treatment options to the patients who are suffering from Iron-deficiency anemia.

Intake of excess iron may cause serious side effects and hence all these treatment processes should be done on certified pharmacy technician's advice only.

Anemia in India: Very common
More than 10 million cases per year

Anemia Prevention

Low Platelet Count main Cause

A low blood platelet count is a blood disorder that has a long list of possible causes. Also called thrombocytopenia, it's not always a serious problem.

The bleeding it causes can be serious in some cases, however. The treatments for a low platelet count have aimed at whatever causes are behind the reduced platelets.

These are some Causes of Low Platelet Count (Thrombocytopenia)

Some of the most common underlying reasons for alternations in normal blood platelet counts include:

Enlarged Spleen

The spleen helps fight infections and clean the blood, so sicknesses that cause an enlarged spleen can cause too many platelets to become trapped inside while the body tries to fight off bacteria or a virus.

In healthy people, around one-third of the body’s platelets are held in the spleen, but conditions like liver disease/cirrhosis prevent scarring, which keeps platelets harbored inside.

Reactions to medications and over-the-counter drugs

Platelet production can be altered due to the use of drugs, including diuretics, NSAID anti-inflammatory drugs, and antibiotics, or frequently taking common painkillers like ibuprofen and aspirin.

Reactions to medications and over-the-counter drugs

The spleen helps fight infections and clean the blood, so illnesses that cause an enlarged spleen can cause too many platelets to become trapped inside while the body tries to fight off bacteria or a virus.

In healthy people, around one-third of the body’s platelets are held in the spleen, but conditions like liver disease/cirrhosis prevent scarring, which keeps platelets harbored inside.


Alcohol slows the production of platelets and is the biggest problem when it’s consumed excessively, especially if someone’s diet is also low in nutrients.

Poor diet and nutrient deficiencies

Certain nutrients are needed to make enough platelets, including iron, vitamin B12, and folate. Being deficient in these nutrients can change how many are produced and able to survive for normal time periods.

The Platelet Information and Blood Testing Laboratory recommend making sure you get enough of these nutrients through your diet in addition to calcium, vitamin K and vitamin D.

Infection and Viruses

Rarely, severe bacterial infections involving the blood cause a pause in blood platelet production. Viruses that can change how platelets are renewed include chickenpox, mumps, rubella, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS and certain other rare viruses.

Most of the time common viruses only alter blood platelets temporarily. But some serious viruses like AIDS can permanently cause damage.

Toxin exposure from the environment

Chemicals commonly found in the environment, including pesticides, arsenic, and benzene, can all slow the production of platelets.


Sometimes pregnant ladies temporarily experience slowed platelet production, but this is usually mild and goes away after the baby is born.

Estimates show that around 5% of pregnant ladies develop mild thrombocytopenia at some point during their pregnancies.


Leukemia or lymphoma directly damage bone marrow and destroy blood stem cells, but also the most common cancer treatments (radiation and chemotherapy) destroy stem cells even more.

Aplastic anemia

When the bone marrow stops making enough new blood cells, known as aplastic anemia, it causes a low platelet count.


High Fevers are also the main cause of reducing platelet count.

Anemia Diagnosis

Anemia diagnosis

If you have several of the common anemia symptoms, you definitely should contact a doctor and tell the complaints, which you have and the symptoms, which you noticed.

The diagnosis of the anemia is done by medical history, medical examination, and laboratory tests. These methods are used to determine the cause, severity and treatment of the specific type of anemia.

In fact, anemia is often found in blood tests, aimed at the diagnosis of another disease. The diagnosis of the anemia is made in 3 stages:

First Stage

First Stage: getting medical and family history of the disease, usually the diagnosis is made by the symptoms of anemia, history of diseases and nutrition.

Second Stage

Second Stage: a physical examination is carried out to determine the severity and possible causes of the disease. The doctors are listening to the heart tones and lungs, which can give a sign for in-normal activity.

Also is checked the size of the liver and spleen. This will give information for the proper work of the organs in the body, which can be first hurt by anemia. Also is possible to be made a gynecological or rectal examination of the patient.

Third Stage

Anemia Third Stage: The laboratory tests and procedures are made for the actual establishment of the disease. The main diagnostic laboratory test for anemia is the complete blood count, which gives the following information: Hemoglobin and Hematocrit reference values, number of erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes and mean corpuscular volume.

Sometimes in some diagnosis of the anemia is needed to investigate the changes in renal function. On suspicion of hidden gastrointestinal bleeding, it is necessary to be made faeces examinations for traces of blood. In some cases of anemia for diagnosis is needed bone marrow biopsy.

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